Extreme weather grows from the peaks and troughs of variability in the climate.
Severe storms and long runs of extremely hot days generated in the atmosphere can cause high rainfall and heat waves that lead to floods and fires, damaging winds and waves.
Ecosystems, settlements, agriculture and industry have all developed coping strategies to address their vulnerability to severe weather events. With warning and preparation regions, businesses and communities can become more resilient to impacts from severe weather events.
Ongoing research explores options to minimise the impacts of severe weather events using observation of past events and their effects, testing of new building practices and better prediction of future climate and severe weather patterns.