Pollution threatens environmental sustainability and can have harmful effects on human health.
It is a complex and far reaching problem and includes:
air pollution: urban and regional air pollution is a significant environmental threat. Industry, power generation and motor vehicles release pollutants that can lead to photochemical smog, haze and acidification
land pollution: land pollution can be caused by poor agricultural practices, pesticide use, mineral exploitation, industrial discharges and indiscriminate disposal of urban wastes
water pollution: poor water quality and sediment quality are the most serious pollution issues affecting our coastal and marine environments - in Australia, it has been estimated that land-based contaminants contribute up to 80 per cent of all marine pollution and pose a major threat to the long-term health of coastal waterways.
CSIRO scientists work with industry, regulatory bodies and the community to deliver commercially-viable and cost-effective pollution solutions.
These are based on our understanding of the sources, fate and behaviour of contaminants as they disperse through our water, soils and atmosphere.